Carole Roan Gresenz is the Bette Jacobs Endowed Professor in the Department of Health Systems Administration, School of Nursing and Health Studies, at Georgetown University. She holds a Ph.D. in economics from Brown University and a B.A. in economics from Loyola University Maryland. She joined Georgetown University’s School of Nursing and Health Studies after many years with the RAND Corporation where she most recently held the positions of senior economist and Director of the Health Economics, Finance and Organization program. Her research interests and expertise include health care organization and finance, health disparities in medical care, and access to and quality of care among vulnerable populations. Dr. Gresenz is an adjunct senior economist at the RAND Corporation and serves on the editorial boards of Health Services Research and Medical Care Research and Review. She is also the former Associate Director of RAND’s Institute for Civil Justice. Her recent work includes evaluation of state health care reform efforts, a study of the effects of the Affordable Care Act on firms’ decisions to self-insure, and analyses of the spillover effects of high rates of uninsurance in a community on health care outcomes among the insured. She has worked closely with city and county government agencies in the greater Washington D.C. metropolitan area on evaluations of local health care systems and programs.